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June 2015

Volume 1 Issue 1
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Research Article 

Weight Status, Body Image Perception and Physical Activity of Malay Female College Students in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia

Reihaneh Hadipour*, Wan Abdul Manan Wan Muda, Soo Kah Leng

The purposes of this study were to determine the weight status, body image perception and physical activity among female college students in Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist circumference were the taken anthropometric measurements. To assess the body image dissatisfaction and physical activity patterns of college female students, figure rating scale and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) were used, respectively. Data collected were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). A sample of 215 female college students aged between 18-25 years old completed the questionnaires.

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Editorial Article

Paradigm Shift of Obesity Research

Hidesuke Kaji M.D., Ph.D.*

Obesity is the state that excessive fat is accumulated to the adipose tissue. Simple clinical marker of obesity is body mass index that is higher than 25~30 kg/m2. Medical intervention is necessary when the obesity is characterized by an excessive visceral fat accumulation or has comorbidities including such as diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, coronary artery disease. Over-nutrition and lack of exercise are the most common cause of obesity. Mutations of genes including melanocortin receptor 4 or leptin receptor have been reported as monogenic causes of obesity, but it is quite small in population.

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Editorial

Potential Mechanisms for Obesity-Asthma Link

M. Metin Donma*

Obesity and asthma prevalence have rapidly increased worldwide. Clinical and epidemiological studies support a strong positive relationship between these two chronic diseases, which are associated with inflammation. It is interesting to note that overweight and obese children are at higher risk for asthma. Obesity probably has an effect on asthma development through several different mechanisms. 

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Research Article

An ‘Unholy Triad’: Coexistence of Symptoms Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Erectile Dysfunction in an Overweight/Obese Population

Chukwunonso E.C.C. Ejike*

Obesity, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and erectile dysfunction (ED) are health care challenges with high prevalence rates globally and particularly in Nigeria. Though obesity is linked to BPH and ED, the coexistence of BPH and ED in an overweight/obese population of Nigerian males has not been studied. This study is an attempt at filling that vacuum. Two hundred and seventy four overweight/obese subjects were assessed for the presence of symptoms of BPH and ED using the International Prostate Symptom Score and the 5-item International Index for Erectile Function questionnaires respectively.

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Research Article

Maternal Self-Efficacy and Perceived Barriers in Pediatric Overweight and Obesity

Molly Mishler Thomason, MA, MS*, Andrea A. Wojtowicz, M.S. and Rachel Neff Greenley, Ph.D

Maternal self-efficacy (SE) to support child eating and activity patterns of youth who are overweight/obese is an understudied topic, despite the key role of parents in influencing youth access to healthy eating (HE) and physical activity (PA). This study described SE and perceived barriers to HE and PA among mothers of youth with overweight/obesity and examined relationships between maternal SE and barriers to HE and PA. 222 mother-child dyads with youth with overweight/obesity from clinic or community weight management programs participated. Maternal SE was high overall, but SE to support HE was lowest when the mother would not be present to assist in making healthy choices.

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Prospects

Prospects about the Use of Açaí (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) on the Modulation of the Inflammation and Energetic Metabolism in Overweight and Obese Individuals

Simone Fátima Gomes, Fernanda Cacilda Silva, Ana Carolina Pinheiro Volp*

The adiposity excess has as consequences metabolic complications which could predispose to the onset of chronic diseases concomitantly to induction of an inflammatory condition of low intensity by means of the secretion and expression of inflammatory cytokines in adipose tissue. These cytokines (IL-2, IL-4, IL-13, IL-15 e IFN-γ) may be involved in the regulation of energetic metabolism and food intake, contributing or minimizing the adipose tissue expansion. Some factors modulate the inflammation, such as body composition, biochemical, clinical and dietary parameters.

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Research Article

Body Mass Profiles Among Younger and Older Hip Osteoarthritis Cases Requiring Surgery Suggests Excess Body Mass Does Influence Disease Onset and Complication Rates

Running title: Hip osteoarthritis and body mass

Ray Marks*

The prevailing literature is inconsistent concerning the relationship of excess body mass to the onset and progression of disabling hip osteoarthritis, often deemed an age associated disease. We examined the distribution of body mass indices among a sample of severely disabled hip osteoarthritis patients relative to age, and surgical status. Data from the available records of 997 severely disabled hip osteoarthritis cases undergoing surgery subjected to correlational analyses showed more cases among the sample had body mass indices indicative of being overweight or obese than  underweight or normal weight (p=.001).

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Public Policy Article

Demolishing Obesity via a Circadian Cutting-Edge Public Science

Akbar Nikkhah*

This article describes an innovative circadian methodology to optimize timing of nutrient assimilation to prevent obesity and minimize risks from diabetes and cardiovascular complexities. The approach is based on distributing frequent small meals during day and taking no major starchy and fatty meal overnight. Creating a circadian rhythm of food intake that does not overload splanchnic cells with torrents of substrates at wrong times of the 24-period, when insulin and the interconnected endocrinology do not work properly, is the rising public science in preventing obesity.

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