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September 2015

Volume 1 Issue 2

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Research Article

Obesity and Depression among Asian Indians in the United States: Findings from the MASALA Study

Natasha Din, MBBS, Alka M. Kanaya, MD *

Obesity is one of the leading health problems in the world and in the U.S. in particular. The most common method for diagnosing overweight and obesity is by using a surrogate measure of body mass index (BMI). However, BMI is an imperfect marker for total body fat and even less suitable to measure body fat distribution. BMI or waist circumference do not completely account for body composition, whereas WHR (waist-to-hip circumference ratio) is a measure of body shape and to some extent lower trunk adiposity. Studies have shown WHR is a good predictor for several non-communicable diseases.

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Research Article

Using Walking as a Tool for Fitness and its Influence on Obesity and Overweight Individuals

V. Bunc*, M. Skalská

This study summarizes the use of walking (as a tool) and how it relates to influencing health, fitness, body composition, well-being and other psychological variables. It followed an intervention program that lasted 5 months using 1000 kcal of energy intensity in senior women, 1500 kcal in middle-aged men and 2000 kcal for children and composed of at least 85% walking, pointing to significant changes in fitness and body composition. Fitness, which was characterized by maximal oxygen uptake, was improved by 13% (in senior women and obese children) and 17% (middle age men).

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Research Article

The Factors Responsible for and Solution Strategies to Inconsistencies in Waist Circumference Cut-Off Values for Metabolic Syndrome Screening Established by the International Diabetes Federation and the Japanese Committee 

Hirokazu Yokoyama*

Waist circumference (WC) is reported as an important parameter for the clinical diagnosis of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) has proposed cut-off values (COVs) for this parameter in MetS screening in various areas worldwide. The values recommended for Asians including Japanese are 90 and 80 cm for men and women, respectively (IDF-Criteria). WC-COVs have also been independently established by the Japanese Committee, but differ from IDF-Criteria (85 cm and 90 cm for men and women, respectively; Japanese-Criteria).

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Research Article

Proposed Waist Circumference Measurement for Waist-to-Height Ratio as a Cardiovascular Disease Risk Indicator: Self-Assessment Feasibility

Lakkana Thaikruea*, Siriboon Yavichai

The health campaign refers to waist circumference measured at the midpoint between the lower costal margin and iliac crest (WCM) for calculating Waist-to-Height Ratio (WHtR) indicator. WCM is difficult for layperson and health personnel who usually use waist circumference measured at umbilical level (WCU). This study aimed to determine whether WHtR is an appropriate indicator for risk factors of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD), to compare WHtR using different waist circumference measurements, and to propose practical anthropometry indicator for self-assessment for risk factors of CVD.

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Perspective Article

Optimizing Metabolic Rhythms through Regular Daily Exercise: A Global Guideline

Akbar Nikkhah*

This article creates a new vision on exercise-driven endocrinology for generating regular circadian patterns of healthy intermediary metabolism and cardiovascular dynamics. An emphasis is placed on the necessity of establishing short-term regularities in cell physiology through daily exercise. Weekly programs and minimalism on physical activity is greatly criticised. Nature must be the final target and source of inspiration for the modern man to realize optimal life quality in the overmodernized age.

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Editorial

Prolonged Sitting: the New Public Health Priority

Dr. Daniel P.Bailey*

There has been a global rise in sedentary behaviour (sitting) at work and during leisure time due to technological advancements for workplace productivity, personal transportation, communication, and domestic entertainment. Sedentary behaviour, separate from physical inactivity, is defined as any waking behaviour characterised by an energy expenditure ≤ 1.5 Metabolic Equivalents while in a sitting or reclining postur.

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Editorial

New Frontiers of Science Edification: Growing Commitments

Akbar Nikkhah*

The objective of this policy article was to describe innovative frontiers of science education for quality economy and life in the new rising era. Science and technology education in the postmodern time will not be counted on merely on the basis of practical or purely hypothetical realizations and achievements. The capability to preserve embryonic tendencies in science and technology education will rely on generating the type of scientists and researchers who can capacitate education and creation of more and not less qualified than own.

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