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December 2016

Volume 2 Issue 2

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Review Article

Treatment of Obesity

Hatice Yilmaz, Hümeyra Gun Guntekin, Muammer Karadeniz*

The most commonly used methods specified by the World Health Organization (WHO) for exhibiting, classifying and determining the type of the obesity that is defined as excessive fat accumulation in the body are body mass index (BMI) and measuring waist circumference. BMI is measured by dividing the body weight in kilograms by the height in meters squared and its unit is kg/m2. The BMI isclassified as slim if BMI is smaller than 18.5 kg/m2; normal if BMI is in between 18.5-25 kg/m2 and pre-obese if BMI is in between 25-30 kg/ m2. If BMI is greater than 30 kg/m2, it shows obesity and it is divided into three classes; stage I (BMI 30-40), stage II (BMI 40-50) and stage III (BMI>50).        

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Mini Review

Mutual Interaction between Obesity and Zinc Deficiency

Mohammad Reza Nazem, Mehdi Hedayati, Mojgan Asadi, Ali Emami*

Obesity and overweight are booming public health crises. Micronutrient deficiency, at all ages, is a world health issue too. High incidence of trace element deficiencies, especially zinc (Zn), in obese individuals has been reported. In addition, obesity-related consequences such as inflammation and oxidative stress affect zinc metabolism. Interestingly, with multi-protective function in obesity, the consumption of zinc in the management of obesity-associated metabolic disturbances is practical and effective.        

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Research article

The Impact of Diet, Physical Activity and Weight Perception on Body Mass Index (BMI) In Patients of Indian Origin

Sujeet Jha MRCP*, Meghna Krishna M.Sc, Samreen Siddiqui MSc, Manju Panda, MSc DFSM, Rajesh Saxena MBA,Laxmi Raghuvanshi M.Phil, Hersh Bhatt, Ananya Shrivastava, Amit Bhargava MD, Karuna Singh, Swati Waghdhare MD

A predisposing factor for the rising tide of diabetes mellitus is the increasing prevalence of obesity. The reasons underlying this are multiple. The effects of diet/exercise on weight loss are well documented. However, before any intervention can be successful, there must be a self-perception of weight appropriateness. Limited data on weight perception exists in the developing world. This cross-sectional study in middle-aged adults evaluated the impact of diet, physical activity and self-perception of body weight on the body mass index (BMI) in an Indian cohort.       

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